Machine Learning

Machine Learning in Artificial Intelligence specifically focuses on computers getting better at recognising data without being explicitly programmed exactly how to.

For a great introduction to the topic see The Master Algorithm.

Although it is tempting to draw parallels with human learning, computers are showing that 'thinking and learning' can be performed in ways that humans cannot and vice versa.

This is helping humans learn more about their own thinking and philosophically challenges deeply held assumptions about whether consciousness is exclusively life-form based.